The use of autonomous agricultural machinery is the next technological revolution in the industry, which has been investing in artificially intelligent equipment, with georeferencing data in the agricultural operation, interaction between biological and physical domains and instantaneous online adjustments. According to the president of the Brazilian Association of Machinery and Equipment Industry (ABIMAQ), João Carlos Marchesan, agricultural machines that do not require the presence of an operator are a reality and are being tested in Brazilian crops.

But the new technology comes up against yet another infrastructure problem in Brazil. The lack or precarious connectivity in rural areas hinders the use of this technology and even exploit the potential of equipment already available in the country. "Today we have machines with 12 computers, with 300 thousand lines of programming and that offer more than 300 information in seconds. They are great computers and also sprayers. A revolutionary technology as long as it has a good connection to the internet, "said Pedro Estevão Bastos, president of ABIMAQ's Chamber of Machinery and Agricultural Implements, during the Global Agribusiness Forum which will take place this Tuesday in São Paulo-SP.

Estevão says that the connectivity in Brazil is not enough and does not accompany the technological revolution that happens in the field. Startups, he says, are working on new features via radio that work from the gateway inside. Already the connectivity of the gateway outside depends on public policies.

Another challenge that prevents the advance of this technology in the field is specialized labor. ABIMAQ's managers highlighted the importance of investments in the training of operators with knowledge in mechatronics and information technology, in addition to Big Data to take advantage of the data offered by these new machines and turn them into knowledge and decisions in the field.