By 2017, at least 815 million people or 10.7% of the world's population have gone hungry in the world. The number is higher than in 2015, when it is estimated that 777 million people were starving. The alert was given by the representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Brazil, Alan Jorge Bojanic, during the first panel of the Global Agribusiness Forum (GAF18), which will happen until tomorrow, July 24, at the Sheraton WTC Hotel, in São Paulo-SP.
Africa, according to him, remains the continent hardest hit by hunger, where 28% of the population does not have access to food. Brazil, despite being the largest food producer in the world, was also quoted by the FAO representative when mentioning that 2.5% of Brazilians are still affected by lack of food. "In the last two years, malnutrition rates have increased in Brazil and this is inconceivable," Bojanic said.
Access to food was cited as the biggest obstacle to solving the problem of hunger in the world, since today food production is enough to feed the entire population. Poverty, lack of investment in agriculture, price instability and waste were also cited as impediments to solving the problem.
The challenge only tends to increase. PWC (Pricewaterhouse Coopers) consultant, Ana Paula Malvestio, says demand for food must grow 70% by 2050, driven mainly by the E7 countries (China, India, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, Mexico and Turkey), which will be among the 12 largest economies in the world and an urban population estimated at 6.3 billion people.
Brazil and other countries of the Americas play an important role in this scenario, as they are the regions with the largest agricultural area on the planet. According to former Agriculture Minister Roberto Rodrigues, food production is expected to increase by 20% in the world, but Brazil has the potential and the responsibility to grow 41% over the next 10 years. For this, agriculture and livestock will have to be even more efficient, producing more with less and with more sustainable models in the use of resources such as water and energy.